Big Sand Cay, (or Great Sand Cay), is a particularly remote island that lies 6 miles south of Salt Cay in the Turks Island group. It is the most southerly point of land in the entire Bahamian chain and as such is a popular anchorage for sailing boats journeying to and from the Greater Antilles. The island is protected as a bird sanctuary and requires special permission to land on it. It is not a big island but there is a lot of sand. A spectacular beach runs down the western side and a high bluff dominates the center. Treacherous rocks guard its northern approach but make for excellent snorkeling in calm weather. It is an amazing place to explore or have a picnic when out boating in the area and an advantageous spot to look for the migrating humpback whales in the winter months. There are exciting stories of pirate’s treasure found buried here and as well as numerous shipwrecks on the reefs nearby. HMS Endymion, a 44-gun British warship is probably the most famous of these, she ran aground on uncharted reefs to the south of the Cay in 1790 and the mammoth anchors and chain can still be seen today. A trip to Sand Cay in mid-August one year revealed a group of mating nurse sharks and it is assumed, like in other areas of the TCI, that this is an annual event.